Martine Mariotti is an Associate Professor of Economics in the Research School of Economics at the Australian National University. Her research interests are in economic history, demography, and development economics. Martine is particularly interested in how the lives of southern Africans have changed over the last 150 years. She focuses on incomes, jobs, living standards and demographic outcomes and the factors that lead to changes in material outcomes. Martine received her PhD in Economics from the University of California, Los Angeles.