Project Research Theme 0: Data, Measurement, and Conceptual Framing, Research Theme 1: Firms, Frictions and Spillovers, and Industrial Policy

Understanding the Role of Informal Firm Clusters for Productivity and Growth

This project has been retired

Years active

  • to

Funding category

  • Larger Research Grants

In developing countries, production is dominated by many small firms and studies typically find that average productivity is low, but productivity dispersion is substantial. These facts have been interpreted as evidence of significant misallocation due to factor market frictions. However, micro-level interventions experimentally reallocating resources or alleviating constraints have rarely led to transformational impacts on firm growth. This raises the question of whether the measured productivity dispersion is truly reflective of misallocation, or whether is the result, at least in part, of measurement error. This project seeks to improve the measurement of productivity and misallocation in developing countries by collecting a novel firm panel.

The research team collects a four-wave panel data over two years on 1,000 manufacturing firms in urban Uganda operating in carpentry, metal fabrication and grain milling. The measurement approach involves three key novelties: (i) product-level assignment of inputs to outputs; (ii) direct measurement of heterogeneity (quality) of inputs and outputs; (iii) detailed recording of firm-to-firm interactions in informal clusters. These data allow the team to improve the measurement of productivity dispersion and recover more precise estimates of misallocation, as well as to study the role of informal firm clusters in improving the allocation of resources. To achieve these goals, we will combine production function estimation with structural modelling techniques.

As small firms are the primary source of employment in developing countries, identifying ways to increase their productivity is key to foster poverty alleviation. This project will speak directly to this policy challenge, by conducting counterfactual policy simulations to identify pathways to reduce market frictions and to leverage firm-to-firm relationships for spurring productivity. This project is a product of the ongoing relationship between the research team and in-country policymakers, in particular the Private Sector Development Unit of the Ministry of Finance, and therefore has the potential to inform industrial policy in Uganda, especially with regards to interventions to improve productivity in firm clusters, such as industrial parks or shared workspaces for SMEs.

Larger Research Grants

Closed • Deadline • Larger Research Grants

Research Team

Related content

Active project

Digitizing Bureaucracy

Research Theme 1: Firms, Frictions and Spillovers, and Industrial Policy • Larger Research Grants
Active project

Clean Water

Research Theme 1: Firms, Frictions and Spillovers, and Industrial Policy • Larger Research Grants
Active project

Private Colonisation

Research Theme 0: Data, Measurement, and Conceptual Framing • Larger Research Grants
STEG Working Paper Series

Financing Costs and Development

Tiago Cavalcanti, Joseph P. Kaboski, Bruno Martins, Cezar Santos • Research Theme 0: Data, Measurement, and Conceptual Framing
STEG Project Policy Brief

Paternalistic Discrimination

Nina Buchmann, Carl Meyer, Colin D. Sullivan • Research Theme 0: Data, Measurement, and Conceptual Framing
STEG Working Paper Series

Paternalistic Discrimination

Nina Buchmann, Carl Meyer, Colin D. Sullivan • Research Theme 1: Firms, Frictions and Spillovers, and Industrial Policy
STEG Working Paper Series

Self-employment Within the Firm

Vittorio Bassi, Jung Hyuk Lee, Alessandra Peter, Tommaso Porzio, Ritwika Sen, Esau Tugume • Research Theme 1: Firms, Frictions and Spillovers, and Industrial Policy
STEG Working Paper Series

Searching for Customers, Finding Pollution

Vittorio Bassi, Matthew E. Kahn, Nancy Lozano Gracia, Tommaso Porzio, Jeanne Sorin • Searching for Customers, Finding Pollution